Terezin was built at the end of the 18th century as a military fortress. Its aim was to stop the penetration of the Prussian armies into Bohemia. A garrison town until 1941, it was turned into a Jewish ghetto by the Nazi occupants at the end of 1941. Nearly 150 000 people of Jewish origin from the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia as well as from several European countries passed through the Terezin ghetto. The majority of them were transported to the extermination camps in Eastern Europe, where most of them were killed.

The fortress has two parts - the small and the main fortress. The small fortress served as the Prague Gestapo prison from 1940 until 1945. The main fortress, the town, was a Jewish ghetto, a transition camp from 1941 till 1945.

On arrival to Terezin we will visit the Small fortress first. On the way to the entrance we will walk by the National cemetery established after the war, where 10 000 victims of the Nazi terror found their resting place. A local guide will take you around the former prison, a place where thousands of members of the resistance and political adversaries of the Nazis were imprisoned, brutally tortured or killed.

Afterwards we will continue to the town, where we will first visit the Museum of the Ghetto. Inside we will learn about the harsh conditions under which people of Jewish descent were forced to live. Here we can also see a short film made on the order of the Nazis on the occasion of the International Red Cross Delegation visit in Terezin in June 1944. From the Museum we will take a short walk by the main square to the building of the so called “Magdeburg Barracks”. Inside we will see the exhibitions dedicated to culture in the times of the Ghetto. Artists imprisoned there held concerts, staged theater shows, created literary and art work. At the end we will visit the Jewish cemetery and the Crematorium.

Terezin is accessible by a public bus, the ride takes about 1 hour. However, it is advisable to go with a private car because the distances between places are rather long.